Keraton as Counterbalance
Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono I was a former resident of the West coast of Yogyakarta. However, after the Treaty of Giyanti, Prince Mangkubumi\/Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono I glanced at Pesanggrahan Garjitawati. The selection of this location is not arbitrary. Many philosophies surround it.
One of them, the palace is strategically located. It is built between two large rivers, on the west of the Winongo River and the east of the Code River. In addition, the palace is located in a straight line with Mount Merapi and the South Sea.
According to Professor Damarjati Supadjar (the former professor of philosophy UGM), the palace chose this location because it serves as a counterbalance between fire and water. The fire is symbolised by Mount Merapi and the water is symbolised by the South Sea.
Palace building Shape
Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono I Apparently not only triggered the construction of Keraton Yogyakarta, but also designed his own spatial and architect in general, It is undeniable that Sultan HB I was indeed a reliable architect in his day. The palace layout was successfully cultivated between 1755-1756.
At that time the main part of the palace began from Gapura Gladag to Plengkung Nirboyo. The current layout has been added by the next Sultan of Yogyakarta. Restorations and restorations were most obvious by Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono VIII.
The palace building is identical to Joglo. There are two kinds of joglo that dominates, namely the open (Bangsal) and that has a wall (Gedhong). The roof tends to be trapezoidal. Usually using soil or zinc. Keraton actually has many buildings that have their own functions. For its own core complex consists of Pagelaran, Siti Hinggil Lor, Kamandhungan Lor, Sri Manganti, Kedhaton, Kamagangan, Kamandhungan Kidul, and Siti Hinggil Kidul.
As for the front complex there are Gladhag-Pangurakan, Square Lor, and Masjid Gedhe Kasultanan. For the back is the South Square and the Nirbaya Plengkung. In addition to some of these places, there are still other places around the palace. The location is on the right and left. The palace complex has a barrier in the form of thick walls (fortress).
As a Heritage Jogja
As time goes by, the palace is then opened to the public. We can see some of the buildings and items exhibited in the place. For example, trains, paintings of sultans that have ever ruled, instruments that are not used, some batik, and many more. In addition, we can also enjoy the palace's distinctive culture through documentary films about customs that have been done in the royal environment. Not to be denied, it is only a few places that can be enjoyed in general. There are still some rooms and the palace buildings are closed. This is because until now, the Palace family still occupy the palace as a private residence.
And that is that hehehe, a little bit history about Sultan Palace, i'm sure you are more interested coming here rather reading my blog about Yogyakarta history. So? What are you waiting for, come and explore Yogyakarta with us.