Pawon Temple

History of Pawon Temple


The location of Pawon temple is located between Mendut Temple and Borobudur temple, exactly 1.75 km from East Elativ Borobudur temple and 1.15 km from West Mendut Temple. Astronomically located at 7 ° 36 ' 21 \"LS,110 ° 13 ' 10\" BT. Located in the hamlet of Brojonalan, village of Wanurejo, Borobudur District, Magelang Regency, Central Java.

History of Discovery

Pawon Temple was discovered at the end of the 19th century in a state of damaged shrubs and began to be squeezed in the year 1903. Pawon temple has also undergone restoration that was held from 1897 – 1904. Van ERP was later resumed in 1908.

History of the Temple

This worship building is one of the Buddhist temples which is thought to have been established by the Syalendra dynasty between the VIII – IX century AD, but the time of development is definitely not known because there are no strong enough data. According to Casparis, Pawon Temple is the seat of the corpse of King Indra (782 – 812 M), the father of King Samarrattungga of Syailendra dynasty. In the room in the body of Pawon temple, there is a Bodhhisattva statue, as a form of homage to King Indra who is considered to have reached the level of Bodhisattva. The experts argue that Candi Pawon is the gate of Borobudur Temple, as a place for people to cleanse their body and mind from inner impurities.

The naming of Pawon temple

The name Pawon temple cannot be identified by its origins. The J.G. de Casparis Epigraphy interprets that Pawon is derived from the Javanese language ' AWU '. Which means ' ashes ', got the prefix pa-and suffix-an that shows a place. In the Javanese language everyday the word pawon means ' kitchen ', but de Casparis implies it as ' Perabuan ' or place ash. The locals also mentioned Pawon temple as Brajanalyan. Because it is located in Hamlet Brojonalan (Brajanalyan). This word may be derived from the Sanskrit word vajra which means ' lightning ' and anala which means ' fire '. In the temple room is said to be statues. In the central coral inscription it is mentioned that the statue secretes Vajra (rays). The statement raises the allegation that the bodhisattva statues were made of bronze. According to Prof. Dr.R. M Poerbatjaraka, Pawon temple is Upa Angga, meaning part of Borobudur temple, such as Pawon part of the house.

Building shapes

Pawon temple is made of andesite stone. The temple is based on a square floor, with a length of 10 m, and has a height of 13.3 m. The temple building facing to the West, room is one with room size of 2.65 m x 2.64 m and height 5.20 m. The shape of this temple is slender, unlike the Tambun Borobudur temple. Pawon Temple building is architecturally divided into three parts legs, body, and the roof of the temple. The foot of the temple is batur as high as 1.5 m. At the foot of the temple are decorated with many ornaments, such as flowers and Sulur-Suluran. The temple's body section is decorated with bodhisattvas statues, and the roof of the temple is decorated with stupas. The entrance of the temple is located in the west, on the stairs of the entrance is decorated Makara, and on the verge of the entrance there is a ornament kala. The roof of a square-shaped temple with decorations of small stupas on each side and its peak is decorated with a larger stupa.


On the front wall of the temple, above the entrance of the temple (under the relief of Kala), there is relief depicting Kuwera (God of Wealth) in the standing position. On the north and south wall of the temple there are similar reliefs, namely depicting Kinara and Kinari (creatures half human half bird\/man-headed bird), A pair of human-headed birds, standing on a fraying Kalpataru tree that grows in a bridge. Around the tree is a few money coffers. At the top is a pair of flying humans. At the top of the wall there is also a pair of small windows that serve as ventilation. Between the two ventilation holes there is the carving of Kumuda. Relief at Pawon Temple is a decorative relief, there is no relief of the story in this temple.

So more or less that is what i know :) some of the i know from a tour guide and some of them i know from reading.

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