Yogyakarta means Yogya Yang Kerta, Yogya prosperous, while Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat means the prosperous Yogya and the main one. Other sources say, Yogyakarta name is taken from the name (mother) of the city Sanskrit Ayodhya in Ramayana Epic. In its daily use, Yogyakarta is often pronounced Jogja (karta) or Ngayogyakarta (Javanese language).
Before the independence of Indonesia, Yogyakarta already has a tradition of governance because Yogyakarta is Sultanate, including the Duchy of Pakualaman. The area which has its origins with its own reign, in the colonial era of the Dutch East Indies called Zelfbesturende Landschappen. In the era of independence is called Swapraja District.
Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat Sultanate stood since 1755 was founded by Prince Mangkubumi, who then titled Sultan Hamengku Buwono I. The Duchy of Pakualaman, established from 1813, was founded by Prince Notokusumo, (brother of Sultan Hamengku Buwono II) and then titled Duke Paku Alam I.
Both the Sultanate and Pakualaman were recognized by the Government of the Dutch East Indies as a government with the right to govern their own households. These are stated in the political contract. The last political contract of Sultanate was stated in the Staatsblad 1941 No. 47 and the political contract of Pakualaman in the statute 1941 No. 577.
At the proclamation of the independence of INDONESIA, Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono IX and Sri Paku Alam VIII had a wire to the president of INDONESIA, stated that the Sultanate of Yogyakarta and Pakualaman districts became part of the Republic of Indonesia territory, and merged into one of the special areas of Yogyakarta.
Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono IX and Sri Paku Alam VIII as Regional head and regional deputy chief are directly responsible to the President of the Republic of Indonesia. The legal grip is:
1. The Charter of the position of Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono IX and Sri Paku Alam VIII dated August 19, 1945 from the President of the Republic of Indonesia.
2. Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono IX's mandate and the Sri Paku Alam VIII Mandate dated September 5, 1945 (self-made separately).
3. The mandate of Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono IX and Sri Paku Alam VIII dated October 30, 1945 (which was created together in one manuscript).
From 4 January 1946 to 17 December 1949, Yogyakarta became the capital of the Republic of Indonesia, precisely the struggle even experienced very thrilling moments, Almost all the state of the Republic of Indonesia has ended its history. Therefore, the leaders of Indonesian people who gathered and fought in Yogyakarta have their own memories of the region.
Moreover Pemuda-pemudanya that after the war was completed, continued his studies at the University of Gajah Mada, a State University which was first established by the President of the Republic of Indonesia, As well as a live monument commemorating Yogyakarta struggle.
At this time Kraton Yogyakarta is headed by Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono X and Puro Pakualaman by Sri Paduka Paku Alam IX. Both played a decisive role in maintaining the values of Javanese culture and customs and is the unipress of Yogyakarta Society.
With the foundation of article 18 of Law 1945, the House of Representatives Propisni special region of Yogyakarta wants to be a special region for district level I, remain sustainable by remembering the history of the establishment and development of the regional government that should be respected.
Article 18 of the Constitution 1945 states that the division of the Indonesian region over the large and small area, with the form of his administration is established by law by looking at and remembering the basis of the deliberations in the system of State Government and the rights of origin in the regions Special. As a provincial-level autonomous Region, Yogyakarta is formed by law No. 3 of 1950, according to the meaning of article 18 of the CONSTITUTION of 1945. Mentioned that Yogyakarta special region is covering the former region\/Sultanate of Yogyakarta and the District Pakualaman.
The name of the city of culture for the city is closely related to the cultural relics of high value during the kingdoms that until now still remain sustainable. This title also relates to many arts and cultural centers. The term Mataram word that is widely used nowadays, is no other than a pride in the triumph of Mataram Kingdom.
Predicate as a student city is related to the history and the role of this city in the education world in Indonesia. In addition to the various education in every level of education available in this province, in Yogyakarta there are many students and students from all over the region in Indonesia. Not excessive if Yogyakarta is referred to as miniature Indonesia.
The designation Yogyakarta as a tourism city illustrates the potential of this province in tourist spectacles. Yogyakarta is the second largest tourist destination after Bali. Various types of tourism objects are developed in this region, such as nature tourism, historical tourism, cultural tourism, educational tourism, even, the latest, night tour.
Besides the above predicate, history and Yogyakarta status is interesting to be listened to. Its regional name uses the DIY designation as well as its status as special region. Yogyakarta Status as a special region in relation to the history of Yogyakarta, both before and after the proclamation of independence of the Republic of Indonesia.
And that is that hehehe, a little bit history about Yogyakarta, i'm sure you are more interested coming here rather reading my blog about Yogyakarta history. So? What are you waiting for, come and explore Yogyakarta with us.
What are you waiting for :)come and explore Yogyakarta with us.