Location of Borobudur Temple
Borobudur temple is located in Magelang City, Central Java province. The address of Borobudur temple is located at Jl. Badrawati, Borobudur, Magelang, Central Java.
The location of Borobudur temple is about 100 km from Semarang, 86 km from Surakarta and 40 km from IN Yogyakarta.
History of Borobudur Temple
How is Borobudur history early in development? What is the history of Borobudur Temple from now on? This time will be discussed about the history of Borobudur Temple brief from the beginning of the stand, rediscovery and restoration of the temple.
Origins of Borobudur Temple
There is a long history in the establishment of Borobudur temple. To date there is no written evidence explaining who built the Borobudur and what the purpose of building this temple. It is estimated that Borobudur temple was built in 800 CE.
The approximate time of the construction of the temple is based on comparisons between the types of characters written on the closed foot Karmawibhangga with the type of characters commonly used on the royal inscriptions of the Century 8th and 9th. Borobudur temple was built during the reign of the Syailendra dynasty in central Java that coincided between the period from 760 to 830 CE. The process of developing Borobudur temple is estimated to spend 75 to 100 years. The new Borobudur temple was completely completed 100% during the reign of the King Samaratungga in 825 CE.
Founder of Borobudur Temple
Who built Borobudur temple? It is still unknown to who built the Borobudur temple. The obvious Borobudur temple was built during the glory of Syailendra dynasty. In addition there was also a confusion of Borobudur temple relics of what religion, whether Buddhism or Hinduism.
It is known that the people of Syailendra dynasty were devout Mahayana Buddhist religions. However, based on the findings of the inscription Sojomerto showed that they were probably Hindu Shiva. In that era, many Hindu and Buddhist temples were constructed in the plains of Kedu.
There is also the sacred temple of Shiwalingga near the Borobudur area which is a Hindu temple. Although it is generally agreed Borobudur temple relics of the Buddha kingdom. Borobudur temple itself was built in a period of almost the same time as the temples in the plain of Prambanan, although Borobudur was completed first around the year 825 A.D.
evelopment process of Borobudur Temple
The beginning of Borobudur temple was a very large single stupa design crowned its peak. Because the stupa is too large and heavy is considered to be harmful, then the stupa was demolished and replaced into three rows of small stupas and one parent stupa as it is now.
Here are the approximate stages of Borobudur development:
The first stage of Borobudur temple construction was done by laying the temple base. The period of Borobudur development is not known for sure and is expected to start in 750 CE. Borobudur was built on a natural hill, the top of the hill was flatten and the flat yard expanded.
Borobudur is made of andesite stone, but not entirely. The hill portion of the land is compacted and closed the stone structure so that it resembles a shell that wraps the ground. The rest of the hill is closed stone structure by layer. Initially, Borobudur was built with the level as pyramid design. However, the arrangement was changed and was instead constructed the first three steps to cover the original structure of the altered pyramid.
In the second phase of development not much development process is done. The existing one only performed the addition of two square steps, a ledge fence and a circular active. On it was directly constructed a single large stupa.
In the third phase of construction there was change in building design. Active over the circle with a large single-parent stupa unloaded and replaced three circular swirls. Smaller stupas were built lined up in the Undak-under grounds with one large main stupa in the middle.
The foundation of the temple is also somewhat widened and then constructed an additional leg that wraps the original leg while closing the Karmawibhangga relief. Large stupa changes because the stupa is too big and heavy so replaced three small stupas and one parent stupa.
At the fourth stage or the last stage of development is done slight minor changes and finishing. Minor changes include relief of reliefs, addition of the outer ledge fence, ladder changes and footrest of the doorway and toe widening.
After a small change was completed, the Borobudur temple was completed. In the end, Borobudur temple is estimated to be completed in total around 850 CE.