Prambanan Temple

The story Behind Prambanan Temple

The war of two Kindoms - Pangging & Baka Kingdom

Indonesia is rich with its fascinating and beautiful nature, culture and history. Some of its beautiful history is manifested on one of the most beautiful Hindu temple called Prambanan.

Prambanan Temple is a large Hindu complex heritage of Hindu religion in Indonesia, the story behind this in ancient times there is 2 kingdoms lived alongside, Pangging Kingdom and Baka Kingdom. Pangging Kingdom is a rich kingdom with prosperous people, its led by a king named Damar Maya and the king had a son called Bandung Bandawas.

The other Kingdom its called Baka led by a giant/goliath who likes to eat human flesh, although the king is scary he had a beautiful daughter called Roro Jonggrang.

one day, king Damar maya wanted to expand his power, the only thing he can do is to conquer Baka kingdom. The war between Pangging and Baka kingdom is inevitable. King Daar Maya lost the war but he doesn't stop there, to end the war he send Prince Bandawasa.

Prince Bandawasa win the war and killed King Baka, at that time King Baka right hand called Gupala ran from the battlefield back to Baka kingdom to gave Roro Jonggrang the sad news about his father. Roro Jonggrand shocked and sad by the news from Gupala, at the same time prince Bandawasa arrives at Baka Kingdom with his army and saw Roro Jonggrang and amazed by her beauty. The prince directly ask Roro Jonggrang to marry him and Roro Jonggrang accept the proposition with one condition if the prince can build her a thousand temple in one night she will marry the prince.

With his might and magical power the prince called for his army Djin to finished the task in one night, before the dawn came 999 temple is aleady build and Roro Jonggrang start panic and try to find a way to make the prince failed the task. Roro Jonggrang wake the villagers to start farming and make the rosters crowing to make the Djin stop their work because they think its already dawn. But the prince know that Roro jonggrang is lying and he cursed all the villagers cannot be married for their whole life and the prince cursed Roro Jonggrang into arca/stone. We can still see Roro Jonggrang arca surrounded by sewu temple.

Prambanan Temple complex

Prambanan Temple is the most beautiful temple in the world, the biggest Hindu relic in Indonesia located in Central Java and special region of Yogyakarta.

It is approximately 17-20 kilometers to the east of Yogyakarta. The main temple on the Prambanan temple complex leads to the east, with the temple height reaching 47 meters. Prambanan temple is often called by the name of Roro Jonggrang Temple. Based on Siwagrha inscription, Prambanan Temple was built around the year 850 CE by the Kings of the Sanjaya dynasty precisely by Rakai Pikatan which was later expanded by Balitung Maha Sambu during the reign of Medang Mataram. The building is intended to give a passion for Tri-Murti, the three main gods of Hindu religion.

Hinduism knows Tri-Murti, consisting of the god of Brahmana as the creator god, Shiva as the god of Destruction and Wishnu as the god of tenders. In the Siwagrha inscription there is a description of the historical events of the war between the Balaputeradewa of the Sailendra dynasty against the Rakai Pikatan of the Sanjaya dynasty. The defeated Balaputeradewa fled to Sumatra. The consolidation of the Sanjaya dynasty was the beginning of the new reign that was inaugurated with the construction of a cluster of Prambanan temples.

The occurrence of natural disasters such as earthquakes and Merapi eruption and the displacement of the central government of Sanjaya dynasty to East Java has destroyed the temple complex. Prambanan temple is known to return when a Dutch named C.A. Lons visited Java island in 1733 and reported about the ruins of a temple overgrown by the shrub.

Reconstruction of Prambanan temple complex

In 1885 it was first attempted to save the Prambanan temple by Ijzerman by clearing the temple chambers from the stone ruins. In 1902, Van ERP led the work of the construction of Shiva temple, Vishnu temple and Brahma temple. The attention to Prambanan Temple continues to evolve.

In the year 1933 succeeded to rearranged the temple Brahma and Vishnu. Further restoration was completed by the government of Indonesia. On 23 December 1953 Shiva Temple was completely refurbished and officially declared completed by President Sukarno.

The government continuously conducts restoration of the temple in the Prambanan area, including the restoration of Brahma temple and Vishnu temple. In 1977 it began the restoration of Brahma temple. On 23 March 1987 was completed and inaugurated by Prof. Dr. Haryati Soebandio.

Furthermore, Wisnu Temple began to be restored in the year 1982 and was completed on 27 April 1991 with the inaugurated by President Suharto. The subsequent restoration activities were carried out on 3 temples in front of Shiva temple, Vishnu and Brahma along with 4 Kelir temples and 4 temples in the corner.

Prambanan temple complex form

The main part or room of the Prambanan complex is occupied by Shiva as the master deity or Mahadeva. From here, you can conclude that Prambanan temple is a temple for the cult of Shiva. Shiva temple is also often referred to as Roro Jonggrang Temple. Roro Jonggrang is the daughter of King Boko, who is said to rule the kingdom above the hill in the south of Prambanan complex.

The edges of the temple are decorated by Ramayana reliefs that can be enjoyed if we walk around the temple with the center of the temple always on our right, through the hallway. The story continues at Brahma Temple which is located south of the main temple. Being on the fence of the Wishnu temple located north of the main temple, a story reliefs of Kresnadipayana which depicts the childhood story of Prabu Krishna as the incarnation of the Lord Wishnu in eradicating the evils of the world.

The general public, based on the legend, considers the main temple facing north containing the statue of Roro Jonggrang. Although in fact it was a statue of Durga goddess, consort of Dewa Shiwa. There are six temples, 2 interconnected temple groups located on a square yard with a side length of 110 meters. There are three temples containing the third vehicle of Dewa Tri-Murti before the three temples.

In Prambanan complex still stand other temples, which are 2 assessor temples with a height of 16 meters that face each other, the inner courtyard of the Hindu society as the most sacred courtyard, is located in a central courtyard with a side of 222 meters.

So more or less that is what i know :) some of the i know from a tour guide and some of them i know from reading.

What are you waiting for :)come and explore Yogyakarta with us.

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